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Last updated: 9 October 2013

Caldwell, Air Commodore Keith Logan - Papers

Collection | Ref # 1992/38 | Held by Air Force Museum of New Zealand

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Caldwell, Air Commodore Keith Logan - Papers


Caldwell Keith Logan (Grid)

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18 items

Reference number:



Log book and papers relating to the Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force and Royal New Zealand Air Force service of Keith Logan Caldwell. It includes his World War One flying log book, two official files: CO Wigram confidential file 14.11.1940 - 10.3.1942 and notes for talks to airmen 2.3.1943 - 16.8.1943. There is also an identity card dated 20.11.44 and three photograph albums, eight photographs, two news cuttings and a Roll of Honour for Wanganui Collegiate School for World War One.

"Grid" Caldwell was born in Wellington on 16 October 1895. He was one of the first trainees to learn to fly at the New Zealand Flying School run by the Walsh Brothers at Kohimarama in 1915 before completing his training in England with the Royal Flying Corps. He joined 8 Squadron during the Battle of the Somme in 1916 before joining 60 Squadron on Nieuport Scouts in November. By May 1917 he was a flight commander and was awarded the Military Cross in September 1917. After a period in the UK, he returned to France in command of 74 Squadron in April 1918. He finished the war as New Zealand's top scoring ace fighter pilot with 25 vicories.

Returning to New Zealand to farm, Caldwell joined the New Zealand Air Force (NZAF), a reserve force and also flew privately in aero clubs. During World War Two, he was commissioned in the RNZAF and commanded a number of RNZAF Stations in New Zealand and in 1945 took command of RNZAF HQ in London, being also awarded the CBE, Active in the 1914-1918 Airman's Association during the 1960s and 1970s, Caldwell returned to farming and died on 28 November 1980.

The Museum also hold his medals.

Dates covered:

1916 - 1972

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Access conditions:

No restrictions.

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Fighter ace · Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) · Fighter pilot · Royal Flying Corps (RFC) · Aces · Royal Air Force (RAF) · World War Two (1939-1945) · World War One (1914-1918) · New Zealand Flying School · 74 squadron (RAF) · 60 Squadron (RFC)

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