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Last updated: 2 June 2009

ACHESON, Frank O. V. (Frank Oswald Victor), 1887-1948

Collection | Ref # MSS & Archives 96/1 | Held by The University of Auckland Library (Special Collections)

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ACHESON, Frank O. V. (Frank Oswald Victor), 1887-1948


ACHESON, Frank O. V. (Frank Oswald Victor), 1887-1948

Level of description:



ca. 7m

Reference number:

MSS & Archives 96/1

Former NRAM reference number:



Personal papers 1906-1948; Maori Affairs - Native Land Court - 1920-1943, including formal studies on Maori land tenure, theses, etc.; Judge Acheson's relations with the Native Affairs Dept, 1933-1943; Public interests separate from work in the Native Land Court, 1933-1947; Literary projects (includes papers of Sir George Spafford Richardson 1891-1938); travel 1924-1937; books and journals preserved among papers.

The papers of Sir George Spafford Richardson have been retained with the Acheson papers as Acheson had incorporated much of Richardson's material in his own research notes on the biography. The papers are substantial, and include an official diary, correspondence and documents relating to Western Samoan affairs including the Mau movement.

Acheson was a judge of the Native Land Court from 1919 to 1943. Later he was Chairman of the Southland Regional Council and Mayor of Riverton. He died in 1948.

Sir George Spafford Richardson (1891-1938), KBE rose to the rank of major general in the New Zealand Army before being appointed admininstrator of New Zealand's mandated territory of Western Samoa in 1923. While well-meaning in his approach, Richardson did not appreciate Samoan resentment of colonial rule which eventually led to the nationalistic Mau movement led by Olaf Nelson. His patronising attitude towards Samoans compounded the problem. A royal commission set up in 1927 supported his actions, and Nelson and other Mau leaders were deported in early 1928, although if anything this strengthened the movement. The somewhat disillusioned Richardson retired from the post of Administrator in March 1928, and from public service in December 1928. In his retirement he worked for returned servicemen, and in May 1935 he was elected as a member of the Auckland City Council. He was deputy mayor at the time of his sudden death on 11 June 1938, survived by his wife and five children.

Acheson family; All Blacks (Rugby team); Bastion Point (Auckland, N.Z.)--History; Far North District (N.Z.)--History; Gurr, E.W.; Judges--New Zealand--History; Land tenure--New Zealand--History; League of Nations. Assembly (1928); Maori (New Zealand people)--Land tenure; Mau Rebellion ; Monckton-Arundell, George Vere Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway; New Zealand. Parliament--Elections, 1946; New Zealand--Politics and government--1907-1939; Ngaruawahia (N.Z.)--History; Ngati Tuwharetoa (Maori people)--History ; Ngawha Hot Springs (N.Z.)--History; Omapere Lake (N.Z.)--History ; Orakei (Auckland, N.Z.)--History; Parengarenga Harbour (N.Z.)--History; Riverton (N.Z.)--History; Rugby football--International tours--1924-; Smyth, A.G.; Te Hapua (N.Z.)--History; Te Heuheu Tukino V, Tureiti, 1865?-1921; Te Heuheu Tukino VI, Hoani; Te Kao (N.Z.)--History; Te Wherowhero, Potatau, d.1860; Tokaanu (N.Z.)--History; Tongariro National Park (N.Z.)--History; Turangawaewae Farm; Western Samoa--History--20th century.


Dates covered:

1906 - 1948

Access conditions:

Not restricted

Finding aids:

Inventory available

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